Law: Convicted by Their Genes

A new forensic test is revolutionizing criminal prosecutions

Jurors at the trial of Victor Lopez were troubled by a major discrepancy. Lopez, charged with sexually assaulting three New York women, is a light- skinned Hispanic, yet each of the women had told police that her assailant was black. Was he, as his attorney insisted, a victim of mistaken identity? No, concluded a jury in Queens, N.Y., last week; it found Lopez guilty of all three attacks.

Billy Lewis Glover Jr. had been tried twice for rape, but both Dallas proceedings had ended in mistrials. Earlier this month a third jury took just 22 min. to return the verdict --...

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