Who Knew What

Raising private and foreign funds for the contras

May violate the Boland amendment proscription against "direct or indirect" military support for the contras; some private fund raising skirted U.S. tax laws.

Ronald Reagan

North says he assumed the President knew of appeals to wealthy American donors and "third countries." Reagan has denied specific knowledge of solicitations, although he admits to "thanking" contributors.

Edwin Meese

Neither North nor any other witness has linked the Attorney General to the solicitation of private and foreign funds.

William Casey

The CIA director frequently provided North with instructions and advice about the secret contra-support network. It...

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