Poland a Fragile Bid for Coexistence

Jaruzelski moves to spur an exhausted nation back to life

The speaker on the podium of the plush, red-upholstered Congress Hall of Warsaw's Palace of Culture let loose with a spirited 90-minute harangue against almost every aspect of the Polish government's economic policy. Social benefits, he asserted, were "much lower and much worse" than in other Communist-bloc countries. The national economy was collapsing due to "incompetence, lack of knowledge, the pursuit of private interests and bureaucratic swank and arrogance." Seldom since the heyday of Solidarity, the independent trade-union movement, had such harsh blasts been sounded at a Polish labor conference. But the times they are a'changing: the impassioned orator was chairman...

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