Unconstitutional

Does the Gramm-Rudman Act violate the Constitution? Oklahoma Democratic Congressman Mike Synar raised that question hours after President Reagan signed the budget-balancing bill into law last December, in a suit joined by eleven Representatives of both parties. Last Friday a panel of three federal judges--Antonin Scalia, a staunch conservative; Norma Johnson, a liberal; and Oliver Gasch, moderately conservative--gave a unanimous answer: one key provision does breach the principle that Legislative and Executive powers be kept separate. "Therefore the automatic deficit reduction process . . . cannot be implemented."

The case will immediately be appealed to the Supreme Court, which may decide...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now

Subscribe
Subscribe

Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!