Ideas: Has History Come to an End?

A provocative case: democracy has outlived Communism

The final days of the '80s, to many commentators, represent a kind of farewell to arms. The cold war appears all but over; peace seems to be breaking out in many parts of the world. Even Moscow, the international capital of Marxism, has openly succumbed to the lures of creeping capitalism. To Francis Fukuyama, 36, deputy director of the State Department's policy- planning staff, all these events point to something of far broader significance than the reform policies of Mikhail Gorbachev. "What we may be witnessing," he writes, "is not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of...

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