White prejudice and discrimination keep the Negro low in standards of living, health, education, manners and morals. This, in its turn, gives support to white prejudice.
-- Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma, 1944
This is our basic conclusion: Our Nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white -- separate and unequal.
-- Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, 1968
The status of black Americans today can be characterized as a glass that is half full -- if measured by progress since 1939 -- or as a glass that is half empty -- if measured by the...