Communism: Poland, A Humiliation For the Party

But Solidarity handles victory with calm and realism

The contrast was stupefying. In December 1981, Solidarity leader Lech Walesa was arrested along with more than 6,000 fellow union members in a martial-law crackdown that seemed to shatter their movement and, with it, all hope of freedom and reform in Communist Poland. Last week Walesa found himself at the center of a very different situation. His forces had just whipped the Communist Party in the country's first truly democratic elections since 1947, causing a constitutional logjam that for the moment left unclear exactly how and by whom Poland would be governed. Walesa, 46, his trademark mustache now gray and his...

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