Insurgents had a field day. Victor Podziruk, a lieutenant colonel, beat a general. Roy Medvedev, the dissident historian, led in his district and is favored in a runoff. Alla Yaroshinskaya, a nonparty journalist in the Ukraine whose stories enrage local officials, beat four party members. Nationalism triumphed in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, where popular-front candidates won a majority of seats.
In Leningrad the top five party leaders were all wiped out. Also fallen: about a third of the 129 regional party leaders, Moscow's mayor, Lithuania's top leadership, the KGB boss in Estonia, the admiral of the Pacific fleet and...