Medicine: One Womb to Another

A historic fetal-cell transplant may have saved a boy's life

The French parents were distraught and desperate. Soon after their firstborn child died at seven months of a rare form of immune deficiency, they received more heartbreaking news. Their second baby, due in August of last year, was suffering from the same, nearly always fatal hereditary disorder, called bare lymphocyte syndrome. They could have aborted the child or allowed doctors to try the same kind of white-blood-cell transplant after birth that had failed with their firstborn. But the couple, who prefer to remain anonymous, chose a historic third option: to let their child receive the first ever transplant of human fetal...

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