Generals of Shrinking Armies

The beleaguered mineworkers and auto workers pick new leaders

Unemployment has cut a painful gash through coal mining and automobile production. One consequence is that union membership in those basic American industries has eroded, turning leaders of both the United Mine Workers and the United Auto Workers into generals of shrinking armies. But competition to head the unions is still sharp. That showed up last week as the miners elected a new president and the U.A.W. nominated a successor to Douglas A. Fraser, who retires next year.

By an unexpectedly large 2-to-1 sweep in a...

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