POLAND: Seething with Change

The unions and the party embark on a delicate experiment

To the cheers of hundreds of sympathizers gathered below the five-story concrete building, two workers proudly hoisted a new red-and-white banner that proclaimed, INDEPENDENT AND SELF-GOVERNING TRADE UNION OF GDANSK. Inside, the wood-paneled hall buzzed with excitement. A young organizer from a tractor factory near Warsaw boastfully announced that 50% to 80% of the workers in his sector had signed up for the new unions. A burly miner from the Silesian coal fields, on the other hand, complained of official harassment against efforts...

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