United States Penitentiary

Leavenworth, Kans. Opened 1895 Capacity: 1,595 Inmates: 1,351 males

There is only one direction in which the prisoner can evolve—that of increasing artfulness. In the hothouse atmosphere of his social environment he cannot escape this fateful transformation of his character. He feels his claws growing, a furtive and dejected, an impudent and servile look creeps into his eyes. His lips become thin, sharp, Jesuitical, his nose pinched and sharp, his nostrils dilated and bloodless; his knees sag, his arms grow long, and dangle gorilla-like. Those who uphold the Theory of Race and deny the influence of environment on the development of the...

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