Education: Caught in the Crunch

Under pressure, two rival teachers' unions reconsider old policies

They made a distinctly odd couple. There was Albert Shanker, president of the American Federation of Teachers and leader of the five-week New York City teachers' strike in 1968, standing beside President Reagan, whom Shanker had bitterly opposed in the 1980 election. Reagan is dedicated to granting tuition tax credits for private schooling and is determined to cut federal aid to public education. The A.F.T. is strongly opposed to both ideas. Indeed, just the day before Reagan's address last week in Los Angeles,...

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