AFRICA: Toppled Summit

Gaddafi's bid for glory fails

The gathering had long been ballyhooed as a triumph for Libya's radical Muammar Gaddafi, his chance to gain the international respect that he has always longed to acquire. Instead, the 19th annual four-day summit meeting of the Organization of African Unity, scheduled to begin last week in Tripoli, was an embarrassing failure for the Libyan leader.

When Gaddafi's official green Chevrolet Caprice Classic rolled up in front of Tripoli's newly built Grand Hotel, where dignitaries were quartered, only 16 of Africa's heads of state were present. That was less than half the necessary O.A.U. quorum of 34...

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