Education: Little Room to Negotiate

In hard times, teacher unions and school boards settle for less

The lessons were stern and clear for the San Jose Unified School District, one of the largest in Northern California. With 32,000 students, San Jose entered the fall term with a $5 million budget deficit and without the services of 154 teachers, who had been laid off during the summer. Ten elementary schools had been shut down to save money, creating shorter classes and crowded classrooms. With the depletion of the state surplus that since 1978 had buffered the effects of Proposition 13,...

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