Medicine: Diet Debate

Is cholesterol the culprit?

Scrambled eggs and bacon for breakfast. A cheeseburger and French fries for lunch. A slab of roast beef and a sour cream-topped baked potato for dinner Typical of the American lifestyle, such fatty, cholesterol-rich foods have long been cited by doctors as the primary cause of coronary artery disease, the nation's No. 1 killer. To keep the arteries unclogged, they have been urging a diet low in fats, stressing vegetables, poultry and fish over beef, eggs and dairy products.

The vigor of their message has tended to obscure the fact...

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