Special Section: Back to School

When John Sawhill was profiled five years ago, he had already made a career switch from the business world, where he was a $100,000-a-year senior vice president of the Commercial Credit Co., to the Federal Government. He took a $60,000 salary cut in 1973 to become an associate director of the Office of Management and Budget. Within a year, he was head of the Federal Energy Office, forerunner of the Department of Energy.

Sawhill proposed then radical methods of cutting fuel consumption, like setting thermostats at 78° F in the summer. Bicycling to...

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