Special Section: Who Are the Nation's Leaders Today?

TIME asked a variety of historians, writers, businessmen and others in public life, "What living American leaders have been most effective in changing things for the better?" Reflecting the continuing problem of leadership in the White House, no one named Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon or Jimmy Carter. The great diversity of the people chosen mirrors the fragmentation of American society, one of the problems for leaders. The nominees ranged from relatively predictable to almost shocking:

WILLIAM BUCKLEY, conservative columnist and editor (National Review): There's no one that I know of who has the potential...

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