Behavior: Did Freud Build His Own Legend?

A new study analyzes the myth of the Master

Sigmund Freud idolized Hannibal. So much so that for years he was psychologically unable to enter Rome because Hannibal had never set foot in the city. In fact, Freud's ideas about himself were heavily tinged with mythic and military overtones. "I am actually not a man of science," he once told his friend Wilhelm Fliess, "not an experimenter, not a thinker... but a conquistador."

That self-conception of the embattled hero helps explain Freud's boldness and his endless attacks on opponents and colleagues. Yet according to...

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