The Nation: Into a Snake Pit

Finally the telephone rang. "I was on my way out the door," recalls Washington Lawyer Joseph Califano Jr., "and the Governor just said, 'Joe, I want you to come and help out at HEW.' " The Governor, of course, was Jimmy Carter, and the job was one of the nation's biggest: running the most visibly cumbersome bureaucracy of them all, the $140 billion, 149,000 employee Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

Night Reading. The Brooklyn-born grandson of an immigrant Italian fruit vendor, Califano, 45, should feel at home. Once described as the "deputy President...

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