INVESTIGATIONS: On Crowd-Pumping and Bravery

As President Ford planned to go parading in West Virginia, four former presidential candidates appeared before a Senate subcommittee last week to belittle the political impact of such showboating and crowd-pumping. "I shook 5,000 hands in one day and got the hell beat out of me," Republican Senator Barry Goldwater bluntly told the group, which was holding public hearings on how to reduce the risk of assassination attempts. He added: "I question whether any candidate, especially an incumbent, really has to get out and shake hands."

So why do candidates and Presidents...

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