THE STATES: Meanwhile, Hot Races Back Home

Although the presidential struggle dominates the nightly newscasts and absorbs the most printer's ink, for millions of Americans the elections that have the greatest impact on their daily lives are the ones that are taking place right around home. The sheriff, the mayor, the Congressman, the Governor often seem so much better positioned to deal effectively with problems than does the monolith that either Jimmy Carter or Gerald Ford will try to grapple with for the next four years. Last week, from posh hotels in Beverly Hills, empty lots in grimy, big-city ghettos, street corners in Brooklyn, and general...