SOUTH AFRICA: The Birth of BophuthaTswana

A second tribal homeland gains autonomy without freedom

There were tribal dancers and gymnastics displays and, on the stroke of midnight, a 101-gun salute. The South African flag was lowered; in its place was raised a banner of blue with a diagonal orange stripe and an inset of a leopard's head. In Mmabatho, the new capital carved out of the bush, the crowd roared its approval as President Lucas Mangope, head of the new government, declared that "at last we are no longer helplessly at the mercy of the arbitrary arrogance of those who until this hour trampled our human...

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