The World: Polish Dissent Heats Up

An underground manifesto questions Poland's system

Off a crude homemade press in Warsaw last week rolled 1,000 copies of Poland's newest underground journal Glos (Voice). The issue should quickly become a collector's item. Tucked in among articles on philosophy and international affairs was a seven-page manifesto that constituted the boldest challenge to Poland's Communist regime since food strikes and riots paralyzed the nation in 1976. It may be one of the most important political documents to surface in Eastern Europe since the near revolution of October 1956.

The statement, called the "Manifesto of the Democratic Movement," attacked the "present economic disorganization, decay of...

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