Essay: HOW NOT TO ELECT A PRESIDENT

ONE of the insistent slogans of the day is that U.S. institutions are not "responsive" to people's wishes. Thus the Electoral College is an easy target.

In designing a new nation, nothing perplexed the drafters of the Constitution quite so much as the question of how the President should be elected. As it turned out, the Electoral College devised by them has three times denied the country's highest office to the candidate receiving the greatest number of popular votes. Twice it has resulted in, and several times—most recently in 1968—it has threatened the...

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