Labor: A Narrow Victory for Blacks

As part of its effort to lift the economic status of blacks, the Nixon Administration has sponsored a controversial program to help them obtain more well-paid jobs in construction. Last week the A.F.L.-C.I.O. and a coalition of legislative conservatives fought and lost a hypocrisy-laden battle in Congress to scuttle the scheme in its infancy.

Under the "Philadelphia Plan," so called because it was first tried in that city, contractors bidding on federally aided projects costing $500,000 or more must make a serious effort to increase the number of blacks among their new employees from about 5% now to 25% in...

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