CHINA: Chairman Mao's New Revolution

To struggle is to advance. Not to struggle is to retrogress, to collapse, to go revisionist.

To witnesses of the Cultural Revolution that racked China from 1966 to 1969, the evangelistic tone of those words from a Peking radio broadcast last week had an ominous significance. After years of relative moderation, the country seemed on the brink of yet another convulsive turn leftward.

Hints that China was embarked on a new cycle of radicalism began appearing at the same time as last August's Tenth Party Congress. In typically arcane fashion, the campaign started...

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