Science: Situation Report

ANY woman who opts for a scientific career will quickly find that the statistics are stacked against her. Although women now make up nearly 40% of the U.S. labor force, they account for only 10% of the nation's more than 350,000 scientists. Furthermore, women in the sciences earn fewer doctorates than men, have more trouble winning tenured posts in universities, are paid less than males in the same field—the so-called "skirt differential"—and all too often find it almost impossible to reach the top rungs of their profession. The National Academy of Sciences, for instance, currently has only nine women among its...

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