Medicine: Correcting Facial Paralysis

The affected side of the face sags, the eyebrow droops and the mouth hangs open. The victim of facial paralysis, which results from damage to facial nerves by injury or surgery, often finds it difficult to eat or speak and impossible to close one eye. Worse, he loses the ability to communicate by facial expression, so that an attempt to smile may result in a terrifying grimace, an effort at laughter in the appearance of intense suffering. For many years, facial paralysis has been uncorrectable. Lately, however, surgeons have been experiencing success with several new operations.

The most basic of these techniques...

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