The Law: Everybody in the Pool

Hundreds of U.S. suburbs boast a new lure for homeowners: a community-owned recreational center. By purchasing shares and paying a fee, residents can join a "neighborhood association" and use its swimming pool. But what if a resident is a Negro?

The answer seemed obvious to Paul E. Sullivan, a white systems analyst at the Pentagon. As a homeowner in a suburban development in Virginia's Fairfax County, Sullivan belonged to the residents' swimming club, which is called Little Hunting Park Inc. And in 1965, when he rented his house to Theodore R. Freeman Jr., a...

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