Books: Request for Survival

THE GHOST IN THE MACHINE by Arthur Koestler. 384 pages. Macmillan. $6.95.

Throughout his life, Arthur Koestler, as gamblers would say, has put his money where his mouth is. As a Communist in civil-war Spain, only thinly disguised as a correspondent for a London paper, he lived for some time under sentence of death. Out of that experience came his novel Darkness at Noon. Like Dostoevsky's The Possessed, its metaphysic demonstrated how the sin of pride can convert pity for mankind into the power for action against man.

Koestler is a rare protean figure in modern intellectual life—a successful journalist, novelist...

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