BELGIAN CONGO: Democracy with Spears

Some 2,000,000 citizens of the Belgain Congo were in the throes of their first election. Voters did not seem to think that balloting was enough. Spear-carrying Baluba tribesmen chased Luluas through the streets of Léopoldville. One angry group descended on a police post and stoned the cops. In five weeks of electioneering, 57 people were dead.

Object was to choose men to lead the new nation, three times the size of Texas, when it becomes independent next month. By decree from Brussels, the Congo's 115,000 whites are not allowed to vote, and most...

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