The South: Toward A Long, Hot Summer

The weather was warming up and so, inevitably, were the race demonstrations. Among spring's first and ugliest was the one in Jacksonville, Fla., last week. There, the violence seemed to be caused in almost equal parts by the numskullery of a politically ambitious mayor and by the hooliganism of Negro teenagers.

For five weeks the city had been the scene of peaceful sit-ins, marches and picketing by N.A.A.C.P.-led Negroes. Targets of the demonstrators were Jacksonville's segregated hotels, restaurants and movie houses. Negro youngsters began hit-and-run sit-ins, swarming into whites-only lunch counters, demanding...

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