National Affairs: PROJECT VANGUARD

Why It Failed to Live Up to Its Name

A wisecrack much repeated in the U.S. last week was that Project Vanguard, the U.S.'s earth-satellite program, ought to be renamed Project Rearguard. This clothed in humor the widespread feeling of resentment stirred up by the Russians' great cold-war propaganda victory. Inevitably, the question arose: Who's to blame?

In 1954, before Project Vanguard's birth, the Army and Navy jointly undertook a satellite project thought up by Engineer Wernher Von Braun, captured German V-2 expert turned U.S. Army missile brain. Von Braun planned to equip...

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