INDIA: Mighty Theme .

Prime Minister Nehru hopped spryly onto the rostrum of India's Parliament last week and waved a 641-page, blue-backed volume at the sea of faces before him. "This is the mighty theme of a nation building and remaking itself," he cried. "We had something worthwhile in our first Five-Year Plan and we made good to some extent. This second Five-Year Plan is the real beginning. We have to start from scratch."

Scratch is the word for it. India's vast country has 300 million illiterates, 80% of its population; in its 500,000 villages there are scarcely 250,000 schools. India has almost as many...

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