A glimpse of the might-have-been at Yalta was given by a letter to General George Marshall from Major General John R. Deane, head of the U.S. military mission to Moscow from 1943 to 1945. A month before the Yalta Conference, Secretary of War Henry Stimson forwarded the Deane letter to President Roosevelt. If, as Stimson probably hoped, Deane's conclusions had guided U.S. representatives at Yalta, the conference results might have been far different.

Excerpts from Deane's letter:

"Everyone will agree on the importance of collaboration with Russia—now and in the future. It won't be worth a hoot, however, unless it is based on...

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