"The war over Berlin will not take place," proclaimed West Berlin's Mayor Willy Brandt last week. Though conceding that "many critical moments" must be expected in 1959, Socialist Brandt based his confident forecast on three successive victories won in the last weeks of 1958: 1) West Berlin's municipal election, in which Communists got less than 2% of the vote; 2) West Germany's demonstration of solid economic support to the beleaguered city; and 3) the Western Allies' united stand against Khrushchev's proposal for their withdrawal.

The third and most decisive of these victories, foreshadowed at the recent NATO session in Paris, became...

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