An undeclared and mostly bloodless duel is being fought for the control of Indonesia's 3,000 islands and its 85.5 million people. The well-matched opponents are the only two organizations in the nation that are European in structure, efficiency and administration: 1) the army, under Lieut. General Abdul Haris Nasution, 40. 2) the Communist Party, under the leadership of Secretary-General Dipa Nusantara Aidit, 36. These days the Communists are taking a silent licking.

Broken Strike. At the Soviet's 21st Party Congress in Moscow last January, slim, supple Red Boss Aidit could boast the best vote-getting Communist Party outside the Iron Curtain, and...

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