Before he gave up his $285,000-a-year job as president of Procter & Gamble to take the $25,000-a-year Defense Secretary post in Sputnik-spooked October 1957, lanky Neil Hosier McElroy warned Presidential Assistant Sherman Adams that he would have to go back to P. & G. before the end of President Eisenhower's second term. A good man for the Defense post was hard to find, and with "Engine Charlie" Wilson eager to get back to Michigan after 4½ years in Washington. Ike decided that getting a good man to serve two years was better than settling for a less promising man willing...

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