WAR CRIMES: Humanitarian Principles

Of the first 249 U.S. casualties in Korea, 192 were listed as "missing"—presumably captured. Last week Douglas MacArthur invoked the Geneva Conventions to protect them. He promised to treat all North Korean troops and civilians "in accordance with the humanitarian principles applied by and recognized by civilized nations." He said he would "expect similar treatment" for any citizen of a U.N. country "who may at any time be in North Korean hands."

This week, as U.S. troops advanced over ground recaptured from the North Koreans, they found the bodies of seven U.S. soldiers, hands tied behind their backs. Each had...

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