The famed Greenville lynch trial (TIME, May 26) drew to an end. On the ninth day, haggard from strain, Judge James Robert Martin Jr. read his instructions to the all-male, all-white jury. He minced no words: "A court of law recognizes no color. . . . I instruct you . . . not to allow any so-called racial issue to enter into your deliberations. . . ." The jurors filed out. A door closed behind them.

The jurors had just seen U.S. jurisprudence rise to brave heights in a Southern courtroom; they had sat before a determined, able prosecutor, a...

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