National Affairs: Call to Arms?

Both management and labor knew that the issue had to be joined eventually. Sooner or later the National Labor Relations Board would have to make one of its biggest decisions since the Taft-Hartley Act became law last summer. Last week, plainly following the letter of the law, NLRB did. It ruled that an employer has no legal obligation to deal with a union whose leaders have refused to sign affidavits that they are not Communists.

The board acted on behalf of two companies. The first was Herman Lowenstein, Inc., a leather manufacturer of Gloversville, N.Y....

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