President Eduard Benes scarcely knew whether he was coming or going. On the one hand, his great friend and ally, Russia, was offering to add to the Republic of Czechoslovakia at the expense of Poland. On the other, she was threatening to add to the Soviet Union at the expense of Czechoslovakia.

The offer was made by way of the Warsaw (formerly Lublin) Polish Government, which indicated that it might be willing to trade Teschen in return for Czech recognition. The threat was made by way of the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic, whose Kiev radio unexpectedly broadcast a claim to...

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