TREASON: I Wish . . .

After seven weeks of listening to evidence, 14 hours of deliberation, the jury had made up its mind. There was absolute silence in Federal Judge Edward M. Curran's Washington courtroom as silver-haired Mildred ("Axis Sally") Gillars walked in, smiled faintly, and waited to hear the jury's decision. The verdict: guilty of treason against the U.S.

Axis Sally showed no emotion at the verdict, which carries a maximum penalty of death (no traitor has ever been executed in the U.S. for treason against the U.S.), or a minimum of five years in prison and...