On a mole not 200 yards from the Little White House at Key West, a 3-in. cannon boomed out the Navy's 21-gun welcome to its visiting Commander in Chief. Harry Truman stirred fitfully in his sleep. Not until the 17th report, he told his aides, did he shake himself fully awake. Then he hopped out of bed and acknowledged the last four booms by standing at attention in his pajamas. When the firing ended, he tumbled back into bed and snoozed peacefully until 9:30.

After breakfast he usually slipped into his swimming trunks for a few hours of splashing in the...

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