Medicine: Penicillin Front

Penicillin was still winning more battles than it lost. Despite setbacks because of clumsy handling of the drug (e.g., use of ineffective strains and weak doses which allow resistant bacteria to develop—TIME, July 15), doctors last week had some notable victories to report:

For Operations. Penicillin is customarily used to fight infection after it develops. But British Surgeon R. Wood Power gave stiff doses of it, to prevent infection, to some 250 patients on whom he performed major operations. Result: few infections, no fatal blood clots, rapid recovery (after appendectomies, patients were up & about on the second day).

For Diphtheria. In Gateshead,...