National Affairs: Small Shadows

Since V-J day labor had had a golden year, winning almost every strike. Within the last few weeks labor met some minor reversals of history, in two strikes it turned up loser.

In East Hartford, Conn., two months ago, 1,200 members of the International Association of Machinists walked out of the Hamilton Standard Propellers Division of the United Aircraft Corp. Chief demand: a 30% pay increase. After weeks of negotiations the company made its final offer and flatly announced it would reopen the plant on Aug. 7. Union officials did not accept the terms, but 800 employes crossed the picket line and...