Out of WPB last week, Donald Marr Nelson fired one of his Vice Chairmen—square-jawed Ferdinand Eberstadt, spunky champion of the Army's theory that WPB must stick to materials control, thus indirectly control production. To another Vice Chairman, hornyhanded, hard-working Charles E. Wilson, chief advocate of the right of civilian review of all war production, Nelson virtually relinquished full powers.

Then Donald Nelson sat back, puffed at a sputtering briar, watched half of Washington rage at his most decisive action in 13 months. The rift spread wider between the nation's armed forces and...

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