World Battlefronts: The Dawn's Early Light

Algiers in the dawn of Nov. 8 was a white, triangular wound against the dun hills behind the harbor. Beyond its jetties, well out in the Mediterranean, a great naval concentration stood in from Gibraltar: the Royal Navy's battleships Nelson and Rodney, the aircraft carrier Argus, cruisers, destroyers and transports laden with U.S. troops.

The first Allied bombers bore leaflets, imprinted with the American flag and a proclamation from Lieut. General Dwight David Eisenhower to the 252,000 Frenchmen, Arabs and Berbers of the town (see cut). A destroyer nosed past the barges across the...

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