World Battlefronts: Stubborn Nations

When Caesar's legions first saw the granite-bound harbors of Armorica (ancient Celtic for Brittany, meaning near the sea) they built their forts on the high ground nearby. The Bretons who came five centuries later fortified its coasts. Through the centuries Norsemen, Norman dukes, British and French kings battled in long sieges of Breton bastions.

This week the Germans repeated history. At four deep harbors direly needed by the Allies they fought from redoubts deepened, strengthened to withstand modern bombing. In the fortresses the Germans showed the highest and lowest in Nazi battle morale....

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